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Understanding Food Labels at the Supermarket

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Understanding Food Labels at the Supermarket

Posted on 22 March 2017 by admin

dairy products
by jpeepz

Understanding Food Labels at the Supermarket

Many terms that we know the meaning of from a dictionary, do not have the dictionary definition or even the common language meaning we might be familiar with when they appear on a food label. The words used in advertising can actually be bought and patented to mean whatever they need to mean. Manufacturers could legally call bleached or lye-soaked black beans “purified beans” or “white beans” in the product name.

The Nutrition Facts Panel

The Nutrition Facts product label was developed by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to alert consumers to nutrients and calories in foods and beverages. It must list the amount of calories, fats, cholesterol, carbohydrates, sodium, fiber, sugars, protein, vitamins, and minerals per serving, as well as the serving size, and the number of servings per container. The FDA, USDA, Health and Human Services (HHS), and other governmental agencies say they update the Nutrition Facts panel to regulate health claims based on scientific research and consensus panels. The following phrases explain what is in a food item:

Calories and Calories From Fat. This wording indicates the number of calories in a serving, and how many of the calories come from fat. This information is for one serving as defined on the label, regardless of how many items are in the package.

Ingredients. Items in foods are listed on the labels in top down order of their amounts present. In the list, they show up by percentage of the whole with the greatest amount at the top of the list. Fruit drinks, for instance, start with filtered water, sugar, apple (one of the cheapest fruits so it often comprises the majority of many fruit drinks, generally in concentrate form). A good rule to follow is that the fewer the ingredients, the better.

Minerals and Vitamins. Minerals and vitamins are listed by their percentage of daily value (%DV) only and are usually synthetic. Note the dietary amounts of important vitamins like D, A, C, calcium, and magnesium. Make a conscious effort to get natural sunshine for vitamin D, carrots and green vegetables (organic and raw are best) for vitamin A, peppers for vitamin C, and a multi-mineral supplement for calcium and magnesium.

Nutrients by Weight and %DV. This shows how much of each nutrient is in one serving by its weight in grams and by %DV. The %DV is similar to the recommended daily allowance (RDA) of a nutrient, based on a 2,000-calorie diet. Sugars and protein aren’t nutrients and aren’t listed by %DV. Fats are listed as Total Fat and new labeling guidelines now also require that it be separated into saturated fat and trans fat. Of the two, trans fat is the one to be most avoided.

Serving Size. Reading this information clarifies that the size of a portion may not coincide with consumers’ ideas. Pastries may be packaged separately four to a box. The label may indicate that one serving is 400 calories – but that’s for only one.

Meat and Poultry Labeling

Other than for infant formula or baby food, there’s no uniform standard for food dating in America. It is not required by the USDA and state regulations vary. For labels on meat and poultry, wording is provided, such as fresh, organically raised, or raised without hormones, as well as a Sell By date, Best if sold by date, and Best if used by date.

Product date labels refer only to the quality of food, and consumers must determine for themselves when food may have become unsafe. According to the USDA, some common date labels that manufacturers use are defined this way:

The Sell By date indicates how long the store should display the product for sale. Manufacturers generally recommend a product not be sold after its Sell By date, but it is more about flavor than a safety date. Still, if the flavor is thought to degrade by that date, it’s a good assumption the product should no longer be considered fresh after that.

The Best If Used By (or before) date is the last date recommended for product use at peak quality. This is the last day for product use for the best flavor, but is not a purchase or safety date.

Labels may provide guidelines for handling raw meat and poultry, and unless a product is labeled fully cooked, it should be handled and prepared as if raw. Some products that appear pre-cooked, are raw and not ready to eat.

For those who hate to waste food and can accept bland taste, researchers indicate meats can often be soaked in hydrogen peroxide, either as an indicator of or a treatment for bacterial contamination. Profuse foaming indicates considerable bacteria. But since peroxide kills bacteria, if several treatments or soaks no longer induce foaming (as bacteria is concentrated on the exposed exterior) the item may then be safe to eat, although not necessarily flavorable. This is not a recommended practice.

Read and Decipher Supermarket Food Labels

How to decipher the label information on supermarket foods and groceries has become a challenge. The following list of terms contains advertising adjectives used on labels to describe the processing of canned and packaged products so they will appear desirable. This is intended to help them sell better than if the uncolorful truth were printed. Here’s what they really mean:

Fortified, Enriched, Added, Extra, and Plus
These words are generally applied to breads, cookies, crackers, and packaged substances, and mean that during their processing, nutrients (minerals, fiber, etc.), have been removed and vitamins, usually synthetic, have been added. The best quality foods have labels stating 100% of the product you expect to be buying is in it, such as 100% whole-wheat bread, crackers, cookies, and high-fiber, low-sugar regarding cereal. Food labels must list the amounts of macronutrients (fat, protein, and carbohydrate, including fiber) and the vitamin and mineral content of the product.

According to Dr. William Campbell Douglass II in his September 2009 health newsletter Daily Dose , “Fortification is a deceitful practice that tricks people into thinking it’s safe to eat lousy food — not to mention the fact that these foods are usually fortified with only small amounts of shoddy low-quality nutrients, not nearly enough to help someone get what they truly need.”

Made with Wheat, Rye, or Multigrain
Products labeled this way may have very little real whole grain. If you’re looking for a 100% whole-grain product, look for “whole” before “grain”, and “100%”, to ensure you’re getting the healthy food you want.

Natural
This simply means that the substance came from a natural source, but after it’s processed, there are no guarantees it will resemble anything natural unless labeled “100% All Natural” and “No Preservatives.” Unlike “organic,” a word which is legally regulated, “natural”, when found in a local supermarket, can mean just about anything.

Organically Grown, Pesticide-free, or No Artificial Ingredients
The Agricultural Marketing Service at USDA is responsible for how the term “organic” is used. Organic meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products come from animals that should receive no antibiotics or growth hormones. To be labeled organic, a Government-approved certifier must inspect farms where the food is grown to ensure all operations comply with USDA organic standards. Trust only labels that say “Certified Organically Grown” or “100% Organic.”

Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic or sewer-sludge fertilizers, pesticides, antibiotics, hormones, and medicated feed may not be used in the raising of organic foods or animal products; nor can irradiation, biotechnology (genetic modification), chemicals or petrochemicals be used in food processing, . Food made up of ingredients that are at least 95% organic by weight may carry the “USDA Organic” label; but products using the “100% Organic” label must contain nothing but organic ingredients. [See “organic food.” The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2008. Encyclopedia.com. (September 25, 2009)].

The Organic Crop Improvement Association, a member-owned, nonprofit organization that provides research, education, and certification services to organic growers, processors, and handlers around the world, is the Midwest’s leading certification agency for organic produce. Their stipulations are that anything to be labeled “organic produce” must be grown on fields that have not been sprayed with insecticides, herbicides, or fungicides, .

Fruit drink
This term generally means there’s little or no real fruit in it unless it is labeled “100% Fruit Juice.”

Sugar-free or Fat-free
This label terminology does not indicate a product is low-calorie or will help with weight loss. The manufacturing process may have replaced sugar with unhealthy ingredients that don’t even taste very good. And it can be labeled this way and still have no fewer calories than the original.

Allergy Labeling

In January of 2006, the FDA set out new requirements for food manufacturers to clearly indicate on product labels the presence of any possible consumer allergens in a product. Even though food processors are supposed to clean machines thoroughly before beginning a new run with different product, manufacturers must state if a product might contain proteins from any of eight major allergenic foods, assuming that traces from a previous substance processed on the same machine might ‘contaminate’ the product enough to

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What Kind of Food Causes Acne?

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What Kind of Food Causes Acne?

Posted on 14 March 2017 by admin

What Kind of Food Causes Acne?

While there is no scientific evidence that there are foods that directly cause acne, there have been studies showing that certain foods can indirectly make acne skin conditions worse by influencing other factors within the body.

For instance, diet directly affects the body’s insulin level. Insulin is the master hormone that influences all other hormones including androgens (male hormones). Higher androgen levels result in more oil/sebum secretion which can lead to worse acne. Therefore, it makes sense that diets that cause insulin spikes may ultimately worsen acne skin.

So what are the foods that cause acne? While diet might not be the specific cause for acne skin, there are certain foods that have been targeted as more problematic than others when it comes to acne.

Foods to Avoid:

   1. Dairy:
      If there is just one food you remove from your diet in order to reduce acne, make it dairy products! Dairy products are considered to be one of the main foods that cause acne. Dairy products (including cow’s milk, cheese, cream, and yogurt) can aggravate acne for a number of reasons. Many people are lactose intolerant without realizing it and even a mild intolerance can result in acne. Dairy products are also acid-forming in the body. Our bodies need to be slightly alkaline and over-acidity can lead to acne. Consuming dairy, especially non-organic dairy products, can increase the levels of hormones in the body because there are hormones in milk. An increase in hormone production often results in increased sebum secretion, clogged pores, and more acne.

   2. “Bad” fats: Saturated fats and Trans fats.
      Saturated fat is found in animal products, many dairy products, and tropical oils such as coconut and palm kernel oils. Too much saturated fat is hard for the body to break down and can contribute to high cholesterol and heart disease. Not to mention clogged pores. Trans fat should be avoided at all costs! Trans fats are found in processed and packaged foods such as chips, donuts, cookies, and a multitude of other snacks in order to extend their shelf life. All of these processed foods are potential foods that cause acne skin conditions. Trans fats can lower HDL (good cholesterol) and increase LDL (bad cholesterol) and are the worse type of fat for your health. So stay away from processed and packaged foods as much as possible if you are trying to avoid foods that cause acne. *Side Note*: Monosaturated and polyunsaturated fats are the good fats and you want them in your diet. They are found in olive oil, avocados, nuts, seeds, and fish. They help attract moisture into cells and keep skin lubricated.

   3. Refined carbohydrates and sugars:
      Eating refined carbohydrates and sugar (white rice, pasta, white flour, sweets, etc) leads to a surge in insulin levels. This in turn leads to an increase in the production of androgens (male hormones), which then encourage the skin to excrete large amounts of sebum. The end result can be clogged pores and zits. The overproduction of insulin can also lead to weight gain and diabetes. Unfortunately, sugar is found in many foods. It may also go by the names of high-fructose corn syrup, corn syrup, maltose, and dextrose. If you are a sugar lover, try using raw sugar instead of refined sugar or you can use real maple syrup, honey, agave nectar, or brown rice syrup as substitutes for sugar. Most importantly, avoid processed foods and simple carbohydrates, such as sucrose (table sugar), fructose, and lactose (milk sugar).

   4. Fatty meats:
      Fatty meats such as beef and pork should be avoided in order to achieve clear, glowing skin. Cooked animal protein is difficult to digest and often takes several days to get through the digestive system. During this time, it putrefies and creates toxins in the body. These toxins can manifest in acne. As with dairy products, meat is acid-forming in the body and non-organic meats often contain synthetic hormones. If you want to eat meat, the best options are organic poultry (chicken, turkey, etc.) and organic fish. Tofu is a good substitute and if you are worried about not getting enough protein, try eating nuts, seeds, chickpeas, etc. These all contain high amounts of protein.

   5. Excess Salt:
      Salt, or sodium, is a necessary part of our diet because it retains fluid in the body’s cells and plasma, among other things. If you have too little sodium in your diet, you can become dehydrated; however, too much sodium can cause the body to retain fluid. This results in bloating, weight gain, and possible kidney damage. According to the American Heart Association, we should only consume about 2.5 grams (about a teaspoon) of sodium per day! This is far less than the average American consumes on a daily basis. Salt is also rich in iodine which has been linked to acne. If you use iodized salt, consider switching to alternate products such as celtic sea salt which you can find at gourmet or health food stores.

   6. Caffeine:
      Caffeine stimulates hormone production, which, as described earlier, can lead to overproduction of sebum and ultimately clogged pores and zits. Caffeine can also increase some people’s anxiety and stress levels which can also aggravate acne.
 

Written by pagman13

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Recent Controversies in Food Safety and Nutrition 1990-2012

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Recent Controversies in Food Safety and Nutrition 1990-2012

Posted on 11 March 2017 by admin

Follow on Twitter ► twitter.com Information from wikipedia *** Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad-cow disease, is a fatal neurodegenerative disease in cattle that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord. BSE has a long incubation period, about 30 months to 8 years, usually affecting adult cattle at a peak age onset of four to five years, all breeds being equally susceptible.[1] In the United Kingdom, the country worst affected, more than 180000 cattle have been infected and 4.4 million slaughtered during the eradication program. *** Genetically modified foods (or GM foods) are foods derived from genetically modified organisms. Genetically modified organisms have had specific changes introduced into their DNA by genetic engineering techniques. These techniques are much more precise[1] than mutagenesis (mutation breeding) where an organism is exposed to radiation or chemicals to create a non-specific but stable change. Other techniques by which humans modify food organisms include selective breeding; plant breeding, and animal breeding, and somaclonal variation. *** Food safety is a scientific discipline describing handling, preparation, and storage of food in ways that prevent foodborne illness. This includes a number of routines that should be followed to avoid potentially severe health hazards. Food can transmit disease from person to person as well as serve as a growth medium for bacteria that can cause food poisoning
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Jamie Oliver’s Food Revolution: 70% of America’s Beef is Treated with Ammonia

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Jamie Oliver’s Food Revolution: 70% of America’s Beef is Treated with Ammonia

Posted on 23 January 2017 by admin

On the Season Premiere of Jamie Oliver’s Food Revolution filmed in Los Angeles and aired on April 12, 2011, Jamie demonstrates how 70% of America’s ground beef contains leftover cow parts (aka “pink slime”) containing e.coli and salmonella that has been treated with ammonia. Ammonia treated meat can be found in virtually all conventional grocery stores, fast food restaurants, many national restaurant chains, and school cafeterias. The saddest part is that the USDA allows this ammonia treated meat to enter the marketplace and with no labeling requirement on the packaging to inform the consumer that the meat their about to buy contains ammonia, thus hiding the truth and pulling a wool over the consumer’s eye. This is certainly a rude awakening to the majority of Americans that don’t know where the meat in their fridge, the meat in their conventional local grocery store, the meat in their fast food hamburger, and the meat in their restaurant made hamburger comes from. How do you avoid this poison? Buy beef that has come from grass fed cows, which can be found at natural and organic grocery stores and your local farmers market. No matter the size of your town or city, grass fed beef (real beef) is not out of reach. Unlike ammonia treated beef, grass fed beef is clearly labeled and contains no ammonia.
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My Food Pyramid

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My Food Pyramid

Posted on 16 December 2016 by admin

Class project lyrics: (Chorus) Grains-whole wheat, veggies-vary, fruits-focus, fat free-dairy, Proteins are so necessary, lean beef, mixed nuts, tofu, herring, Diet and exercise are the basis to maintain homeostasis, (Verse 1) You need fiber from those whole wheat grains, To put a stop to all those pooping pains, You need energy from those carbohydrates, And riboflavin, thiamin, iron, phosphates, Good carbs can make you feel stronger, They provide the fuel to keep you going longer, Whole grains can help stay disease free, Preventing diabetes and CVD, They help my heart to beat healthily, And what’s good for it is just great for me, I’ll say no more but basically, You should start eating whole grains hastily, (Chorus) Grains-whole wheat, veggies-vary, fruits-focus, fat free-dairy, Proteins are so necessary, lean beef, mixed nuts, tofu, herring, Diet and exercise are the basis to maintain homeostasis, (Verse 2) Fruits are rich in fiber and folic acid, To regulate your system, turn your body placid, Bananas, apples, apricots, and many others, Try to eat a variety of many colors, So many different flavors and they taste so great, And double-whammy they’re a good way for you to hydrate, Now we must not forget our vegetables, The most important if not the most delectable, Though some of these tastes are rejectable, Eat enough and the results will be detectable, When it comes to these groups, let me just state, That the two of these together should fill half of your plate
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Do You Really Know What is In Your Dog Food

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Do You Really Know What is In Your Dog Food

Posted on 29 November 2016 by admin

dairy products
by Suviko

Do You Really Know What is In Your Dog Food

A couple years ago most of the people gave little thought to the ingredients in the products that they feed to their pets. Dog kibble was considered not to be that important and we tended to feed whatever was cheapest our pet dog would eat The attention to the subject became a major concern for pet owners as we found out most toxic the ingredient we imported from other land and most the less than monitored manufacturing process. Even pricier specialty pet dog products could be contaminated. The regulations for labeling appeared to be written to help the confuse consumers and benefit the industry. They y to used certain additives to enhance flavor and prolong the storage of the product

They used labeling practices and still to some extent do that confuse the consumer about the content of the pet dog kibble.. The difference between food that contains real chicken and artificially flavored chicken substitutes is not always clear on labeling.. Real chicken may make up to over half the content of the dog kibble and chicken flavored dog kibble may contain no chicken at all.

Another concern is supplements that are added to make a dog food appear to be more nutritionally valuable .An example of this is added vitamin K .The problem is not vitamin K It’s the menadione synthetic form that gives us concern. While the bureau has amended its ban in menadione to allow its use in concern and drinking water for animals, was previously banned because of toxicity. The menadione is not easily allowed to be used in human and material has been denied a request by the bureau due to demand of proof of safety. The menadione has been linked to liver disease and death in in dogs.

You should opt for pet dog kibbles that are composed primarily of whole grains and contains the majority of meat products. You should opt for organic food if artificial or pesticide use is a concern for you as a dog owner in your dog’s daily food.

Dogs need ast most 1 / 3 of its daily food to be protein. This can be meat, eggs or dairy. The other 2 / 3 should be grains or greens that are safe for dogs to consume. That’s all there is to know .You should be creative! Red meat, chicken, turkey can be used for meat protein.. Brown rice is a good grain to use in dog food . It is very easy to digest. You can use greens you have in your house like green beans or peas. Dogs tend to tolerate starchy vegetables relatively well. Green beans will not add much weight to your pooch either.

Regardless if you pick of a commercial pet dog or your own recipe for pet dog kibble that you need beware of the contents to ensures your dog is getting a proper healthy diet.

Written by Becca1962

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